author: niplav, created: 2021-05-23, modified: 2022-09-20, language: english, status: notes, importance: 3, confidence: unlikely

Notes for deliberate practice for calibration and resolution training.

Notes on Predictions

Total Tesla Sales in 2021


Question body states 90.65k sales in Q2 2020, and 139k sales in Q3 2020. That's a 139000/90650=1.53 fold increase, and an increase in 50k.

Interpolating exponentially, that would be 213138 for Q4 2020, and


for all of 2021.

Interpolating linearly, that would be 139000+50000=189000, and


for all of 2021.

Overall, I trust the linear extrapolation more—a growth of 50% seems quite a lot, even for Tesla. But even the linear extrapolation is high.

India GDP growth in Q1-Q3 2021


Assuming GDP growth per quarter iid (which it isn't, but I can't be bothered otherwise).

Assuming 70% chance of positive growth in any quarter. Then chance of only growth in all quarter $0.7^3=0.343$.

Number of commercial flights on 30 June 2021


Assuming 2021 numbers are a constant fraction of 2019 numbers, I sample the first date of every month (maybe this introduces bias? I could also use the CSV, but can't be bothered to):

    (+/[68909 60576 68976 78173 78207]%[102167 104960 108395 109471 114037])%5

June 30th 2019 had 123304 commercial flights 7-day averaged.

Naively, we then expect 0.657569826823178416*123304=81080.9899266051914 flights. This might be increased by higher vaccination numbers, but not by much–relatively few in the world mostly vaccinated, and many destinations not sufficiently vaccinated.

Will Scott Morrison be Prime Minister of Australia on 1 July 2021?


Wikipedia states that

There were 72 leadership spills between 1970 and 2015; the phenomenon became increasingly more commen in the early 21st century. None occurred in the 1960s, 10 in the 1970s, 18 in the 1980s, 13 in the 1990s, and 31 between 2000 and 2015. […] five changes of Prime Ministers between 2010 and 2018

Specifically, leadership spills occurred in 2010, 2012, twice in 2013, twice in 2015, twice in 2018, and once in 2020. That gives 9 leadership spills in 120 months (~7.5% chance of a spill per month).

Initial Jobless Claims in May 2021


Current average (source): (444+473+498)%3=471.666666666666667. Probably less, because US mostly vaccinated. Trend decreasing as well.

Date administered doses/capita >0.5 in NL


Data in Klong array (I should learn R) (source):

    nlvaccperc::[[15 0.2][17 0.45][24 0.97][31 2.04][38 3.20][45 4.06][59 6.5][66 7.73][73 8.9][80 9.41][87 10.59][94 12.59][101 15.6][108 19.71][115 22.74][122 26.04][129 29.21][136 33.05][142 33.5]]

Linear regression:


Calculating back (by hand, date couldn't do what I wanted it to), this gives 2021-07-09 as the date for >50% vaccinations. I'm not sure whether to be more pessimistic or optimistic, while there hasn't been any growth in the last week, the overall trend looks kind of superlinear (maybe because of systems for vaccine distribution being put in place & optimized over time).

How many NASA "space launch system" (SLS) launches before 2030?


Feels like a "too big to fail halfway through" situation. Either they scrap it before anything launches, or they carry out at least one mission with it before stopping the program.

I want to look up how often (& how early) NASA cancels projects like these. Being a big organisation, I expect them to fall prey to sunk-cost thinking, but on the other hand, it's still a bunch of engineers.

When will India send their first own astronauts to space?


COVID-19 hitting India hard reduces GDP growth (though there is a question of how long-term this reduction is), and also slows down highly collaborative projects (such as sending people to space).

We probably can't expect widespread vaccinations for a while (at the time of writing, India has a vaccination rate of 10.81%).

I wish I had an equivalent of the Musk forecast correction function for announcements by the average politician.

Elon Musk's Net Worth at the End of 2021


According to the Bloomberg index, Musk's networth currently is $167b.

If we predict 2.5% more economic growth this year, and Musk's networth tracks with that, we can expect his networth to be ~$171b.

Date COVID-19 epidemic subsides in Russia.


WHO says that the last week with <1000 cases of COVID-19 was March 30 2020.

Extremely naively starting with the Lindy effect, we assume it's going to take as long to subside as it took to get to this point, we calculate:

    $ date -d '2020-03-30' '+%s'
    $ date '+%s'
    $ bc
    $ date -d '@1658926036' --iso-8601

WHO also states that ~26.5m vaccine doses have been administered. Russia has a population of ~150m people, so that would be at ~15% vaccination rate.

They probably started vaccinating beginning of March (+15% vaccination rate in 3 months), so to reach ~75% vaccination rate (gut-estimate for what vaccination rate is necessary for <1k cases per week, probably more). Assuming they vaccinate at similar rate as previously, this gives ((75-15)/15)*3=12 more months.

This is too pessimistic: vaccine dose prices will fall when richer countries have more vaccinations, & also over time with economies of scale and other optimizations. Infection rates will shrink as there's less cross-infection from other countries with better vaccination rates, the russian government will figure out how to distribute vaccines faster and to more people.

Still, I think Russia will need at median 9 more months before they reach this level of immunity (and after that a relatively long tail, because 1k cases per week is actually really fricking low, and there's still the scenario of COVID-19 becoming endemic).

2025 Price of a Crunchwrap Supreme?


Assuming 2% inflation per year, it comes out at $\$3.89*1.02^{3.5}=\$4.16$.

Lives saved by #SecondDoseDelay for vaccine


Unfortunately, this hinges a lot on how motivated Metaculites are to dig up studies & compare the numbers (including all kinds of weird selection effects, KBCs and factors of laziness). On the level above, there's the usual p<0.05 conservatism of the scientific community to "accept a hypothesis", which places a burden on showing that a delay of the second dose helps (by implicitely assuming that it probably doesn't). (This is not a critique of the resolution criteria, I have some idea of how hard these kinds of questions are to write, and this one is especially finicky. Compared to what I would have done, it's pretty good).

All these considerations would push my estimate down way further than my actual belief that a delay of second vaccine dose would save lives.

I'm conflicted about whether to predict to maximize my points (and take the question literally), or to estimate whether delaying a second dose would actually save lives. I'm interested in how other Metaculites interpret this.

Tenth Sabaton Album


The timespan between new albums being released seems to be increasing:

    yrs::[2005 2006 2007 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2019]
[1 1 1 2 2 2 2 3]

This indicates that the album will come out in 2022 rather than 2021.

How many months till at least three, billion dollar clean meat valuations after the first such company is first valued at ≥ $1bn?


Maybe do: find a good reference class for this.


Probably better if biology startup.